Newborn period refers to the first twenty-eight days of life. This period is the most challenging period of human life, since babies are born to an entirely new surrounding from a warm and quite place, i.e. the mother’s womb. There are lots of physiological changes happening during this period in the baby, which is essential for their survival. Also this period is an important time in the life of the baby and the family, since both of them face lots of changes from their routine.
A newborn baby can either be born earlier than expected / prematurely (delivery before thirty seven completed weeks of pregnancy), at term (delivery between thirty seven completed weeks and forty two weeks of pregnancy), or post term (delivery after forty two weeks of pregnancy). These three groups of newborn have their peculiar features and require appropriate support and care for their optimal growth and development. It is imperative to take care of the preterm and low birth weight babies as many studies have demonstrated beyond doubt that these conditions can later on causes various health issues like hypertension and increased cardiovascular risk amongst other morbidities like developmental delays and low IQ, thus reducing the productivity of the individual and increasing the burden on the socio-economic status of the country.
As soon as possible after birth, and within 24 hours of birth, the newborn baby should undergo a detailed clinical evaluation. The goal of the detailed examination is to:
Few dos and don’ts for new born babies:
Aster Hospital, Mankhool