Acid reflux, also known as Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a chronic digestive disorder in which stomach acids or contents of the stomach occasionally flow back into the esophagus or food pipe. This backwash irritates the lining of the esophagus and causes symptoms including heartburn, chest pain, dry cough, sore throat, lumpy feeling in the throat and even difficulty in swallowing. There are various causative factors of GERD, food habits being one; eating large meals and lying down immediately after a meal, being overweight, drinking excess amounts of caffeinated drinks, alcohol, carbonated drinks etc., certain food products like peppermints, spicy or fatty foods, smoking etc. can all cause worsening of reflux. The Management of food habits is an essential part of managing GERD.
With life becoming increasingly sedentary and our food more refined, the incidence of GERD is rising.
What it is
“GERD is a chronic digestive disorder in which acidic contents of the stomach flows back up into the esophagus. The esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach. When the muscle towards the end of the esophagus does not close properly, it allows for the stomach contents to rise back into the esophagus hence causing discomfort.”