As per the World Health Organization, 235 million people worldwide suffer from Asthma and is the most common chronic health condition found in children. Asthma is one of the most commonly known conditions that is widespread, particularly in developed countries. It is a chronic respiratory condition characterised by breathlessness and wheezing. The condition occurs when the airways are narrowed and swollen and cause difficulty in breathing.
Cancer is a condition that develops when cells in the body begin to grow uncontrollably and can develop in any part of the body. The esophagus is a 10-13 inch long muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. Food that is consumed, passes through the esophagus to reach the stomach. The esophagus is made up of various layers, the inner layer of the esophagus is called the mucosa and the outer layer of the esophagus is called adventitia. Cancer of the esophagus generally starts from the inside and then grows outwards.
Acid reflux, also known as Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a chronic digestive disorder in which stomach acids or contents of the stomach occasionally flow back into the esophagus or food pipe. This backwash irritates the lining of the esophagus and causes symptoms including heartburn, chest pain, dry cough, sore throat, lumpy feeling in the throat and even difficulty in swallowing. There are various causative factors of GERD, food habits being one; eating large meals and lying down immediately after a meal, being overweight, drinking excess amounts of caffeinated drinks, alcohol, carbonated drinks etc., certain food products like peppermints, spicy or fatty foods, smoking etc. can all cause worsening of reflux. The Management of food habits is an essential part of managing GERD.
With life becoming increasingly sedentary and our food more refined, the incidence of GERD is rising.
What it is
“GERD is a chronic digestive disorder in which acidic contents of the stomach flows back up into the esophagus. The esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach. When the muscle towards the end of the esophagus does not close properly, it allows for the stomach contents to rise back into the esophagus hence causing discomfort.”