A total Knee replacement surgery was performed on a 52-year-old man at Aster Hospital, Mankhool. The patient, Mr. Abdel Gawwad presented with severe trauma in his left leg due to an injury sustained 20 years ago. Mr. Gawwad led a significantly impaired life for the past 20 years, given the injury that made his mobility extremely painful and difficult to perform, particularly over the past 5 years.
Referred to Aster Hospital by his friend who had previously undergone a successful hip replacement performed by Dr. Manjunatha G.S, Specialist Orthopedic Surgeon at Aster Hospital, Mankhool, Mr. Gawwad decided to consult the doctor for a second opinion. Dr. Manjunatha who specialises in Joint replacements, upon thorough investigation, diagnosed that the patient had developed severe osteoarthritis, also known as post-traumatic osteoarthritis, a condition caused due to ageing and injury. Further investigations also revealed that the patient’s left lower limb/leg was 2.5cm shorter than his right one.
The human musculoskeletal system comprises of a collection of bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons, joints, ligaments and connective tissue. The interaction between these components is what ultimately constructs the human musculoskeletal system, and allows the body to function as it does on a day to day basis. The musculoskeletal system creates a foundational framework that supports the body, allows it to move in different directions and helps protect vital organs in the body, from trauma and bruising. However, due to its size and the number of components, the musculoskeletal system becomes more susceptible to damage as time goes by. Just like parts of a machine undergo wear and tear, the muscles and joints in humans too suffer the same fate as a person gets older. One of the most common disorders affecting the musculoskeletal system is Arthritis. In fact, as of 2013, nearly 20% of the residents of the UAE were suffering from some form arthritis.